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Nutrition for Transplant Patients
What is sodium?
Sodium is a mineral that occurs naturally in food. Your body uses sodium for several functions including:
How do sodium and salt differ?
The words sodium and salt do not mean the same thing. Sodium is a part of salt. Table salt is a common name for "sodium chloride", which is made up 40% sodium and 60% chloride. You can decrease your sodium intake by not using salt and by watching the kinds of foods you eat.
Why is sodium restricted in the diet?
When your kidneys aren't functioning properly, they lose the ability to get rid of excess dietary sodium. Elevated levels of sodium in the blood can cause:
How do you avoid getting too much sodium?
For further information on sodium, Contact Us.
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Low Fat/Low Cholesterol
Why is fat/cholesterol restricted?
High blood cholesterol is one of the three modifiable risk factors of coronary artery disease. Because high blood cholesterol is a risk to your health, you need to take steps to lower your blood cholesterol level. The best way to do this is to make sure you eat foods that are low in fat and cholesterol.
What are the types of fat?
Saturated Fat: Contained primarily in animal foods like meat and dairy products, it encourages your body to produce more cholesterol. Saturated fats are solid at room temperature.
Unsaturated Fats (polyunsaturated and monounsaturated): May lower blood cholesterol. They are usually of vegetable origin, and they are liquid at room temperature.
Dietary Cholesterol: Is found in the food you eat. It is found only in foods of animal origin, not plant origin.
Hydrogenation: A chemical process that changes liquid vegetable oils (unsaturated fats) into a more solid saturated fat.
What are some simple steps to cut back on fat/cholesterol?
For further information on fat/cholesterol, Contact Us.
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Why is exercise important?
To minimize weight gain due to transplant medications and diet changes.
How much should I exercise and how often?
A minimum of three times a week for thirty minutes is recommended. This can be divided up into 3-10 minute increments or 2-15 minute increments.
How do I get started?
What types of exercise can I do?
Here are some examples:
Always check with your Physician before starting an exercise program/routine.
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